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Authentication of signature of private deeds

notarized private deed is a document drawn up by any means, signed by the author in person with a handwritten signature authenticated by a notary public or other public official, who checks the identity and full awareness of the author at the time of signing. A notarized private deed constitutes full proof – even in court and until an action for forgery is filed – of the authorship of the document and the will expressed in it.

Main reference legislation: Article 2703 of the Civil Code; Law 89/1913, Chapter IV; Presidential Decree No. 445/2000, Article 21.

For foreign citizens legally residing in this consular district: the signature must be notarized by a local Notary Office which must then be legalized at the Ethiopian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and subsequently legalized by this Embassy.

For Italian citizens, the authentication of signature is required only for declarations in lieu of affidavit directed to private individuals, or for collection of sums made not directly by the beneficiary but by a third party appointed by the latter (art.21 Law 445/2000).

Declarations in the interest of someone temporarily prevented by health reasons are replaced by declarations made by a relative of the same (Art.4 Law 445/2000).

It is possible to declare authentic to the original a photocopy of a document held or issued by a Public Administration, of a publication, of a qualification and service, of tax documents that must be kept by private individuals, without the need to have it authenticated (art.19 Law 445/2000).

Self-declarations can also be presented to private individuals (Art. 2 Presidential Decree No. 445/2000).

To proceed with the authentication of the signature, it is necessary to appear in person at the Consular Office of the Italian Embassy with the document and a valid Italian identification document, on the following days: Monday, Tuesday, Thursday from 09:00 to 12:00.

For further information, please send an email to:

The above acts are subject to payment of the fees set forth in the Consular Fee Schedule currently in effect.

The production of an identity document (ID card, passport, driver’s license, pension booklet, etc.), depending on the data it contains, replaces certificates of birth, residence, citizenship and civil status (Art. 45).

All applications and declarations to be submitted to the Public Administration or managers of Public Services can be sent, attaching a photocopy of an identity document (art. 38).