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STEMMING IRREGULAR MIGRATION IN NORTHERN AND CENTRAL ETHIOPIA—SINCE

 

STEMMING IRREGULAR MIGRATION IN NORTHERN AND CENTRAL ETHIOPIA—SINCE

GENERAL INFORMATION ON "SINCE"

The "Stemming Irregular migration in Northern and Central Ethiopia—SINCE" Programme is funded by the European Union and implemented by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, the Embassy of Italy in Ethiopia and the Italian Agency for Development Cooperation (AICS).

The overall objective of SINCE is to contribute to reduce irregular migration from Northern and Central Ethiopia by improving the living conditions of the most vulnerable population, including potential migrants and returnees with specific focus on youth and women.

The specific objective is to create greater economic and employment opportunities, by establishing inclusive economic programmes that foster employment opportunities, especially for young people and women with a focus on rural towns and urban areas, particularly Addis Ababa, in the most migration-prone regions (Amhara, Oromia, Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples’ Region, Tigray) of Ethiopia, including vocational training, creation of micro and small enterprises and start-up of small livelihood activities. Some actions will in particular support returnees after their return to their places of origin.


Beneficiaries
SINCE will be addressed to youth and women, potential migrants, returnees and refugees, including Eritrean refugees.

SINCE IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY

SINCE is a pilot programme aimed at implementing different strategies to reduce the root causes of irregular migration. 
The implementation strategies include two pillars: 
- the first one is focused on an immediate and short-term response to facilitate and create employment and job opportunities (e.g. training courses relevant to enterprises demand); 
- the second one consists in medium and long-term strategies to identify ways to ‘upstream’ actions and measures to build capacity for tackling the root causes of migration, preventing primary movements and identifying development cooperation initiatives that can offer people viable alternatives to migration, such as actions on public and private partnership, institutional bonds and networks, synergies and cooperation among stakeholders, etc.


IMPLEMENTATION AREAS AND SECTORS

The intervention areas and sectors have been identified, during an Inception Phase in close collaboration with all the relevant Ethiopian Authorities, through a socio-economic and value chain assessment carried out respectively by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) on the basis of an agreement with the Embassy of Italy in Ethiopia and the Italian Agency for Development Cooperation.


Amhara, Oromia, Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR) and Tigray have been identified as the most migration prone areas, together with the city of Addis Ababa (see map).


The interventions sectors, on the basis of the Inception Phase, are textile and garment, leather and leather products, agri-business, metal works and construction (see table below).

  

Value Chain Selected Region/Area
Textile and Garment Amhara, Tigray, SNNPR
Leather and Leather Products Addis Ababa
Agri-business Oromia, SNNPR
Metal Works Addis Ababa, Amhara,  Tigray
Construction Addis Ababa, Amhara, SNNPR

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