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Focus on Coronavirus (COVID-19)


Focus on Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Last update: 10th May 2022


Situation in Italy


Click here to review the regulations in force.

For travel from Italy to foreign countries, it is recommended to consult the report of the Country of interest on Viaggiare Sicuri, and to contact also the Embassy or Consulate of the Country of interest in Italy.


On the condition that there are no symptoms of Covid-19, starting May 1, 2022 and unless further determinations will be made, it is permitted to enter the Italian national territory under the following conditions:

  1. presentation to the carrier at the time of embarkation and to whoever is in charge of carrying out checks of one of the COVID-19 green certifications referred to in Article 9, paragraph 2, of Italian Decree-Law no. 52 of 22 April 2021, or of another certification attesting to the conditions referred to in the aforementioned Article 9, paragraph 2, recognised as equivalent according to measures adopted by the Italian Ministry of Health and within the time limits established by the European Regulations in force.
  2. only in the event of failure to produce one of the above-mentioned certifications, to be presented in digital or paper format, will the measure of quarantine be applied for a period of five days, with the obligation to undergo a molecular or antigenic test, carried out by means of a swab, at the end of said period. Children under six years of age are exempt from the molecular or antigenic test.

Travel to and from the Republic of San Marino and the Vatican City State is not subject to any restrictions or reporting requirements.

On the condition that no Covid-19 symptoms occur, the obligation to present one of the COVID-19 green certificates or equivalent certification to the carrier at the time of boarding and to any person in charge of carrying out checks does not apply:

  1. to the crew of the means of transport
  2. to travelling personnel;
  3. cross-border workers entering and leaving the national territory for proven reasons of work and their subsequent return to their residence, home or abode;
  4. to pupils and students for the purpose of attending a course of study in a country other than that of their residence, home or abode, to which they return daily or at least once a week;
  5. anyone transiting, by private means, through Italian territory for a period not exceeding 36 hours, with the obligation, at the end of said period, to leave the national territory immediately or, failing this, to begin a period of quarantine for a period of five days and to undergo, at the end of said period, a molecular or antigenic test, carried out by means of a swab;
  6. anyone returning to the national territory following a stay of no more than forty-eight hours in a foreign place located at a distance of no more than 60 km from the place of residence, domicile or dwelling, provided that the journey is made by private means;
  7. in the case of a stay of no more than 48 hours at a place in the national territory situated at a distance of no more than 60 km from the foreign place of residence, domicile or home, provided that the journey is made by private means.

Vaccination abroad and recognition of the Green Pass

Without prejudice to the provisions on entry into the national territory (see previous point), Italian citizens can still request their Green Pass from the Italian health authorities.

As far as the Green Pass through vaccination is concerned, it can be issued by the Italian Health Authorities only if the vaccination cycle has been completed, in Italy or abroad. In this regard, we recall the circular of the Italian Ministry of Health that establishes the equivalence of some SARS-CoV-2/COVID vaccines received abroad with those carried out under the Italian National Strategic Plan.



Situation in Ethiopia


In order to contain the spread of COVID-19 in Ethiopia, the Ethiopian Federal Authorities have progressively decided a series of restrictive measures aimed at regulating multiple areas of public and social activity (movement in public places and on public transport, work activities, schools, case histories in case of symptoms and/or positivity, etc.) in order to encourage compliance with VOCID-19 containment practices, including the use of personal protective equipment (mandatory in all places outside the home) and social distancing. We urge all italian citizens residing in or incoming to Ethiopia to carefully review all the established measures, which can be viewed at this link.

In particular, with regard to the provisions on entry into the country we point out the following:

  1. All travellers aged 12 years and above who have a certificate of recovery from Covid-19 obtained up to 90 days prior to departure or who are able to show a certificate of completion of vaccination cycle will be allowed to enter the country without the requirement to present a molecular or antigenic test.
  2. Travellers arriving in Ethiopia aged 12 years and above who do not present a certificate of recovery from Covid-19 or a certificate of completion of vaccination cycle are instead required to present a molecular test (PCR test) carried out within 72 hours prior to arrival in the country or a rapid diagnostic test (Ag RDT) carried out 24 hours prior to arrival in Ethiopia.
  3. Passengers in transit, subject to the regulations of the countries of final destination or of any multiple transits, are exempted from presenting in Ethiopia a certificate of negativity or vaccination but are not allowed to leave the airport (except for transits of more than 24 hours for which the passenger will be taken to a hotel where he will stay, at his own expense, for the duration of the transit). Where the transit requires the passenger to enter the country or to leave the designated hotel, and in the absence of the above certifications, the passenger will be required to take a COVID-19 rapid antigen test, at his or her own expense, according to the instructions provided by the local authorities and the airline.
  4. In all applicable cases, any negative COVID-19 PCR test for all outbound, inbound and transit passengers must always be certified on the dedicated Panabios online platform. On this regard, we recommend italian citizens to carefully review the regulations by accessing the following link.
  5. Holders of diplomatic and service passports are exempt from the provisions of points 1 and 2. However, they may be required to take a PCR test on arrival. Those who do not wish to have a PCR test on arrival or whose test result is positive will be required to observe a 7-day quarantine.




Situation in Djibouti


With regard to passenger air traffic, it is established that anyone entering the territory of Djibouti will have to provide a COVID negative certificate (PCR test) carried out 3 days prior to arrival in Djibouti. The presentation of a negative PCR test is also required for travellers who have already been vaccinated.

If you enter Djibouti with a positive PCR test, you will instead be transferred to a quarantine facility identified by the Djibouti authorities for a period of 10 days at your own expense. Djiboutian and foreign residents will be able to carry out quarantine at home if conditions permit. The same provisions apply to land and sea entries. They do not apply to transit passengers.

All unvaccinated travellers with a negative PCR test will be required to undergo 10 days of self-isolation on arrival in Djibouti.

Passengers will also be subject to a compulsory COVID-19 test on arrival. The test will be carried out on all arriving passengers over the age of 11 and will be paid for by the individual passenger at a cost of approximately US$30 (or 5000 FDJ). The test will be carried out by the Djiboutian health authorities directly at the airport and passengers will have to wait at the airport for the result of the test, which should be delivered directly to the person concerned in about two hours.

The Presidency of the Republic of Djibouti has decreed that vaccination against Covid-19 is compulsory for all individuals over the age of 25, both for Djiboutian citizens and foreign residents, before any travel beyond national borders. Permission to leave Djibouti's territory is conditional on the presentation of one of the following documents: a certificate or proof of having had a first dose of Covid-19 vaccine, or alternatively, proof of the existence of medical contra-indications to the administration of the Covid-19 vaccine.

For further information and updates:



Situation in South Sudan


The South Sudanese Authorities continue to recommend the traditional anti Covid-19 measures such as washing hands often, using personal protective equipment, avoiding crowded places, maintaining social distancing, avoiding travel especially if you fall into risk categories.

Juba airport has partially reopened to international passenger traffic. It is possible to travel to and from Italy via Ethiopian Airlines, via Addis Ababa, and Egyptair via Cairo. Upon entry into South Sudan you are required to present a negative COVID-19 PCR test performed within 96 hours of arrival in the country. A hard copy of the molecular test result must be brought with you.

International passengers are subject to a 10-day trust isolation period upon arrival in South Sudan. Alternatively, passengers arriving in South Sudan will be required to perform a PCR test at their own expense on the fifth day of fiduciary isolation and, if the result is negative, they may end quarantine on day seven. If symptoms occur during the period of isolation, an anti-Covid test will be required.

If the result is positive, the period of isolation cannot be terminated on day 10.

1. The following categories of travelers may be exempt from the fiduciary isolation requirement, subject to the requirement to submit a negative PCR test performed within 96 hours of entry into the country:

  • Persons traveling to South Sudan for a period of less than 7 days (i.e., also applies in cases of diplomatic missions and missions of personnel pertaining to humanitarian agencies);
  • Transportation Crew;
  • Persons in need of urgent medical attention

Requirement of rapid or molecular testing upon arrival in South Sudan for passengers with symptoms related to Covid-19.

2. The following categories are not required to undergo fiduciary isolation, subject to the requirement to submit a negative PCR test within 96 hours of entry into the country:

  • Passengers with who demonstrate completion of a course of anti-Covid 19 vaccine given at least two weeks prior to arrival in South Sudan;
  • Passengers with proof of recovery from Covid-19 within 6 months prior to arrival in South Sudan.

Exemption from quarantine on arrival in South Sudan is granted to passengers who fall into the categories listed in 1. and 2. above. The health officer will be in charge of checking the documentation and will apply a stamp ("quarantine-waiver stamp") on the PCR test of the traveler.
For further information and updates:


Italian Ministry of Health preventive measures


graphics about preventive measures