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Focus on Coronavirus (COVID-19)


Focus on Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Situation in Italy


On January 13, 2021, the Council of Ministers resolved to extend the state of emergency on the national territory until April 30, 2021, as a consequence of the health risk connected with the spread of pathologies deriving from transmissible viral agents, with particular reference to the new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 and the associated pathology, COVID-19.

The Prime Ministerial Decree of March 2, 2021 defines a series of measures based on the epidemiological risk present in the Italian Regions:

  • In the so-called "white zones" (with a low level of risk), the restrictive measures provided for the yellow zone will be discontinued, although the general anti-contagious measures (such as, for example, the obligation to wear a mask and to maintain interpersonal distances) and sector protocols will continue to apply. Events involving crowds (trade fairs, conferences, discos and stadium crowds) remain suspended;
  • Yellow, orange and red zoning remains in effect. Please visit the following page to view the restrictive measures relating to individual regions;

Individual regions may impose particular obligations on those coming from certain foreign countries or territories. Before leaving to return to Italy, it is recommended to verify any additional provisions by the Regions of destination, by contacting them directly or visiting their respective websites (click here).

Click here to consult the regulations in force.

In case of doubts, for the re-entry in Italy it is recommended to contact the Border Police, the Prefecture or the local Health Authority.

For travel from Italy to foreign countries, it is recommended to consult the report of the Country of interest on Viaggiare Sicuri, and to contact also the Embassy or Consulate of the Country of interest in Italy.

On April 16, 2021 an Ordinance of the Ministry of Health was adopted, which comes into force from April 18, 2021 and modifies the regulations on travel to/from abroad contained in previous Prime Ministerial Decrees and Ordinances adopted by the Minister of Health.


The Order of the Ministry of Health of April 16, 2021, similar to the Prime Ministerial Decree of March 2, 2021, continues to be based on a series of lists of countries, for which different limitations are provided. These lists are contained in Annex 20 of the Prime Ministerial Decree. Ethiopia, Djibouti and South Sudan are included in the list of Countries E ("rest of the world").

List E - Rest of the world:

  1. Travel for tourism remains prohibited;
  2. It is also forbidden to enter and transit the national territory for persons who have transited or stayed in the previous 14 days in the countries of list E, except for travel motivated by the reasons mentioned in the following point;
  3. travel from/to countries on List E is permitted only in the presence of precise reasons, such as
    • work requirements
    • health or study needs
    • absolute urgency,
    • return to one's own domicile, home or residence.
  4. With the Prime Minister's Decree of January 15, 2021 it was also confirmed the possibility of entry into Italy, from the countries on List E, for people who have a proven and stable emotional relationship (even if not cohabiting) with Italian/EU/Schengen citizens or individuals who are legally resident in Italy (long-term residents), who must reach the home/domicile/residence of the partner (in Italy);
  5. The return/entry in Italy from List E countries is always allowed to Italian/EU/Schengen citizens and their family members, as well as to holders of the status of long-term residents and their family members (Directive 2004/38/EC).



  1. For entry/return to Italy from List E countries, as of April 19, 2021, a molecular swab must be taken within 72 hours prior to entry;
  2. Starting from April 18, 2021, the obligation for those who enter Italy from the countries in list E of Annex 20, to observe a period of quarantine at home of 10 days, and to undergo a molecular swab at the end of this period, also comes into force;
  3. In order to enter the Italian national territory, children under two years of age are exempt from molecular or antigenic testing;
  4. Starting from 24 May 2021, the obligation to fill in the self-declaration is replaced by the obligation to submit the European digital Passenger Locator Form (dPLF), in accordance with the indications from the General Directorate for Health Prevention of the Italian Ministry of Health. The paper self-declaration form may be used as an alternative to the submission of the dPLF only in cases of technological impediments.

The following measures from the Italian Prime Ministerial Decree of March 2, 2021 remain in force:

  1. You can reach your final destination in Italy only by private means (airport transit is allowed, without leaving the dedicated areas of the airport).
  2. For all those who arrive in Italy from Ethiopia, South Sudan and Djibouti remains confirmed the obligation to report to their ASL (Aziend Sanitaria Locale) of competence by communicating their data and their condition for the subsequent fulfillment of supervision. Individual regions may impose special requirements. Before leaving to return to Italy, it is recommended to check any additional provisions by the regions of destination, contacting them directly or visiting their websites.
  3. There are some limited exceptions to the fiduciary isolation and supervision requirement:
      1. to anyone (regardless of nationality) who enters Italy for a period not exceeding 120 hours for proven work, health or absolute urgency needs, with the obligation, at the expiration of that period, to leave the national territory immediately or, failing that, to begin the period of fiduciary isolation and surveillance;
      2. anyone (regardless of nationality) who transits, by private means, through Italian territory for a period not exceeding 36 hours, with the obligation, at the end of that period, to leave immediately or, failing that, to begin the period of surveillance and fiduciary isolation;
      3. to health workers entering Italy for the exercise of health professional qualifications, including the temporary exercise of which in art. 13 of Decree-Law n. 18 of March 17, 2020;
      4. to cross-border workers entering and leaving the national territory for proven reasons of work and the consequent return to their residence, home or abode;
      5. to staff of companies and organizations with registered or secondary offices in Italy for travel abroad for proven business needs not exceeding 120 hours;
      6. to officials and agents, however named, of the European Union or international organizations, diplomatic agents, administrative and technical staff of diplomatic missions, consular officials and employees, military personnel and police, in the exercise of their duties;
      7. to pupils and students for the purpose of attending a course of study in a state other than that of their residence, home or abode, to which they return daily or at least once a week

The fiduciary isolation and health surveillance requirement also does not apply:

      • To the crew of means of transportation;
      • Traveling personnel;
      • entrances for work reasons regulated by special security protocols, approved by the competent health authority;
      • to entrances for reasons that cannot be postponed, including participation in international sporting events, subject to specific authorization of the Ministry of Health and with the obligation to present to the carrier at the time of embarkation and to whoever is deputy to carry out the controls of the certificate of having undergone, in the 48 hours prior to entry into national territory, a molecular or antigenic test, carried out by means of swab and negative result.



Situation in Ethiopia

In order to contain the spread of COVID-19 in Ethiopia, the Ethiopian Federal Authorities have progressively deliberated a series of restrictive measures, most recently updated on October 5, 2020, aimed at regulating multiple areas of activity (circulation in places and on public transport, work activities, schools, case studies in case of symptomatology and/or positivity, etc.) in order to encourage compliance with COVID-19 containment practices, including the use of personal protective equipment (mandatory in all places outside the home) and social distancing. We invite our compatriots resident and those arriving in Ethiopia to carefully review all the established measures, which can be viewed at this link. In particular, with regard to the forecasts for entry into the country, please note:

      1. All international travelers arriving in Ethiopia over the age of 10 years will undergo a health screening at Addis Ababa - Bole International Airport and will be required to show a certificate of negativity to the COVID-19 (test only and exclusively by PCR Sar-Cov swab) carried out no later than five days (120 hours) prior to arrival. The certificate of negativity will be required both on boarding of the carrier and on arrival in Ethiopia. Passengers who do not have a negative test result will be denied boarding and/or entry into Ethiopia (for transit passengers see point 5). In fact, it is established that COVID-19 positive passengers will not be allowed to enter the country.
        As of Monday, June 7, 2021, all outbound, inbound and transit passengers will be required to present a certified PCR negative COVID-19 test on a dedicated online platform. We recommend that Italian citizens carefully review the planned discipline by accessing the following link.
      2. After completion of the airport procedures, each passenger is required to observe a 7-day quarantine period at his/her home.
      3. Exceptions are diplomatic and service passport holders for whom the test is not mandatory. If they do not have one, however, the period of quarantine at home is 14 days.
      4. If at the time of entry into the country the traveler shows symptoms attributable to COVID-19 (verified by the health station at the airport) will be taken to one of the temporary isolation centers set up by the Government for further investigation.
      5. Passengers in transit are exempted from the submission of a negative PCR test certificate but cannot leave the airport (except for transits of more than 24 hours for which the passenger will be taken to a hotel where he/she will stay, at his/her own expense, for the entire duration of the transit).
        However, in the case of a flight in transit from Addis Ababa with final destination Paris or Marseille, the company Ethiopian Airlines has been instructed to carry out tests with PCR methodology to all passengers, at the Addis Ababa Bole International Airport. In case of negative results, the passenger will be able to continue the journey to Paris or Marseille. In case of a positive result, the passenger will be taken to an isolation center or hotel at his own expense, where he will remain until a new test is carried out with a negative result.

Some regional Ethiopian authorities have adopted prevention measures in addition to the federal ones. In particular:

      • Tigray: The Federal Government has banned entry to the Tigray region due to clashes.
      • Amhara has established the closure of land communication routes with other regional states.
      • Oromia (within which the capital Addis Ababa is located) has announced a traffic ban for all public transport entering the Region and connecting the different cities of Oromia.
      • The Region of Nations, Nationalities and Peoples of the South has established restrictions on transport in all districts of the region for public transport, cars and two-wheeled vehicles.

The Ethiopian authorities, engaged for months in the preparation of facilities, materials and procedures for the Coronavirus emergency, call on the population to remain calm and scrupulously respect the measures to prevent the spread of the contagion.
In case of fever above 37.5 degrees, cough and breathing difficulties, it is necessary to promptly contact the emergency unit on COVID-19 established at the Ethiopian Institute of Public Health, calling the dedicated number 8335 and do not go to hospitals.

Foreign citizens may be placed in quarantine (the duration of which is determined on a case-by-case basis according to the diagnosis) at special isolation centers and transferred to hospital facilities designated for the treatment of Coronavirus. For more information please take note of the communication on health information prepared by this Embassy, and consult the Embassy facebook page @ItalyinEthiopia



Situation in Djibouti


The Djibouti authorities have announced the reopening of air, land and sea borders as of July 17. With regard to passenger air traffic, it is provided from 8 November that anyone entering the territory of Djibouti will have to submit a certificate of negativity to the COVID (PCR test) carried out 72 hours before the first boarding or 120 hours before arrival in Djibouti. Passengers on arrival will also undergo a mandatory COVID-19 detection test. The test will be carried out to all arriving passengers over 11 years of age and will be charged to the individual passenger at a cost of approximately 30 USD (or 5000 FDJ). The test will be carried out by the Gibuten health authorities directly at the airport and passengers will have to wait at the airport for the result of the test, which should be delivered directly to the person concerned in about 2 hours.

In case of negative result of the test, the person will be free to move freely within the territory of Djibouti. In case of a positive result, the person will be transferred to a quarantine facility identified by the Djibouti authorities for a period of 14 days at his/her own expense. Djibouti and foreign residents will be able to carry out the quarantine at their own domicile if the conditions allow it. The same provisions apply to entries by land and sea. They do not apply to transit passengers.

For further information and updates:



Situation in South Sudan


South Sudanese authorities continue to recommend the usual anti Covid-19 measures such as frequent hand washing, use of personal protective equipment, avoidance of crowded places, social distancing. In recent months, a partial lockdown has been observed in order to avoid the resumption of infections.
The decrease in the number of infections in recent weeks has led the National Task Force to decide to suspend the partial lockdown as of April 14, 2021.

Juba airport has partially reopened to international passenger traffic. It is possible to travel to and from Italy on Ethiopian Airlines, via Addis Ababa, and Egyptair via Cairo. Upon entry into South Sudan you are required to present a negative COVID-19 PCR test carried out within 72 hours upon entry into the country.

For further information and updates:



Italian Ministry of Health preventive measures


graphics about preventive measures