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Focus on Coronavirus (COVID-19)


Focus on Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Situation in Italy


The Italian Prime Ministerial Decree of 11 June 2020, which can be consulted by clicking on this link, contains the new measures for the "reopening" in Italy, for the so-called "Phase 2".

Particular attention is drawn to the following aspects, governed by Articles 4 (Provisions on entry into Italy), 5 (Transits and short stays in Italy) and 6 (Further provisions on travel to and from abroad) of the Decree, as integrated by the Ordinance of the Italian Ministry of Health on 30 June 2020, which can be consulted by clicking on this link:

  • From 3 June, the liberalization of movements to and from the EU and Schengen area countries, the United Kingdom and the so-called European "micro-states", without limitation of cause and without obligation of quarantine, will be implemented.
  • On the other hand, the need to justify movements to and from states and territories other than these (including Ethiopia, Djibouti and South Sudan) remains, and the obligation of 14 days' isolation on trust remains.
  • It is permitted for Italian citinens in Ethiopia, Djibouti and South Sudan to return to Italy for the following reasons: return to their residence and/or domicile and/or home; health; absolute necessity and work. However, the obligation of quarantine for 14 days remains valid.
  • From 1 July, the Diplomatic Representations may issue national visas for study purposes; in this case the 14-day quarantine applies.
  • From 1 July, the Diplomatic Representations may also issue national visas for work, health or absolute urgency, to be assessed on a case-by-case basis.
  • The obligation of fiduciary isolation does not apply to:
    • equipment of means of transport;
    • Travelling personnel;
    • Who enters for proven employment reasons, if he is a citizen or resident in one of the following countries: Italy, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland, Andorra, Monaco, Republic of San Marino, Vatican City State, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland);
    • Healthcare professionals entering Italy for the exercise of health related duties;
    • Border workers entering and leaving to go to work and return home;
    • Personnel from enterprises with head or secondary office in Italy who return to Italy after travelling abroad for work not exceeding 120 hours (5 days);
    • Movements to and from the Republic of San Marino and the Vatican City State;
    • European Union officials and agents, international organisations, staff of diplomatic missions, consulates and military personnel in the performance of their duties;
    • Pupils and students attending a course of study in a State other than that in which they live and returning home at least once a week;
    • Airport transit;
    • transit not longer than 24 hours (exceptionally extendable up to 36 hours in total) to reach their country of residence (e.g. entering Italy by ferry from Greece to continue by car to their home in Germany).
    • Short stay in Italy (up to 120 hours total) for work, health or absolute urgency;

The above mentioned dispositions, contained in the Italian Prime Ministerial Decree of 11 June and in the Ordinance of the Italian Ministry of Health of 30 June are effective until further notice.

All fellow Italian citizens in Ethiopia, South Sudan and Djibouti who return to Italy must therefore communicate their data and their condition to the relevant Local Health Authority (ASL) for subsequent supervision. All fellow italian citizens, unless they are included in one of the above exceptions established by the Prime Ministerial Decree of 11 June 2020 (extended by the Prime Ministerial Decree of 14 July 2020), must observe a quarantine period of 14 days after communicating their data to the relevant ASL.
The instructions of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation with the answers to some frequently asked questions are given at the following link. At the same link it is also possible to download the self-certification form on the reasons of the journey for the return to Italy to be filled in before departure.



Situation in Ethiopia


In order to contain the spread of COVID-19 in Ethiopia, the Ethiopian federal authorities have taken a number of measures valid until further notice, including:

  1. All passengers arriving in Ethiopia will be screened and will be subject to a 14 day quarantine period (for transit passengers see point 3). Passengers who present to the Ethiopian authorities at Addis Ababa - Bole International Airport a negative COVID test (PCR Sar-Cov) conducted no lather than five days prior to arrival will be able to carry out the quarantine period at their home. Passengers who will not be provided with the above test will have to carry out a 7-day quarantine at one of the hotels designated by the Ethiopian authorities at their own expense (with confirmation of booking in advance, list of hotels designated in point 2) and a further 7 days at home.
  2. The hotels in Addis Ababa authorized by the Ethiopian Higher Institute of Health to carry out the mandatory quarantine are:

    • Skylight Hotel
    • Best Western Perl Hote
    • Ghion Hotel
    • Bon Plaza Hotel
    • Eliana Hotel
    • Azeman Hotel
    • Ambassador Hotel
    • Mosaic Hotel
    • Afarensis Hote
    • Zimama Hotel
    • Debre Damo Hotel
    • Churchill Hotel
    • Harambe Hotel
    • Friendship Hotel
    • Con Corde Hotel
    • Bole Skygate Hotel
    • Magnolia Hotel
    • Jupiter Hotel
    • Lobelia Hotel
    • Holiday Hotel
    • Blue Sky Hotel
    • Sunspot Hotel
    • Tirar Hotel
  3. Passengers in prolonged transit (above 8 hours) will be transported in isolation at the Skylight Hotel, near Addis Ababa - Bole International Airport, where they will stay for the period between the stopover and the departure
  4. Ethiopian Airlines has suspended flight operations to 80 countries. Flights to Milan Malpensa and Rome Fiumicino are suspended for lack of sufficient passengers. Ethiopian Airlines  has given its availability to organize possible charter flights on a commercial basis for those Italian citizens who are temporarily in Ethiopia or who have absolute need or urgency to return to Italy.
  5. Closure of land borders with neighboring Countries
  6. Closure of schools
  7. Suspension of events involving large groups of people
  8. The Government encourages religious institutions and places of worship to interrupt rallies and engage in worship by other means to limit contact and stop the spread of COVID-19
  9. Detention facilities will be expanded and additional detention centres will be used to avoid overcrowding. In addition, new detainees will be tested for COVID-19 before their transfer to prisons. While visits are temporarily suspended, inmates with minor offences or with upcoming release date will be released from detention
  10. Harassment of foreign nationals is not acceptable and is anti-Ethiopian. The population must clearly understand that the virus does not discriminate and therefore preventive measures should be taken according to the guidelines of the Ministry of Health, rather than blaming and ostracizing foreign nationals
  11. Volunteers who have undertaken commendable coordination tasks in recent days must in turn adhere to self-protection and prevention protocols, while continuing to volunteer
  12. Night clubs and bars will temporarily cease their activities as part of prevention and containment measures.
  13. Action will be taken against all individuals and businesses that exploit the health situation and profit from the sale of consumer goods in the above market

Some of the regional Ethiopian authorities have taken preventive measures in addition to the federal ones. More specifically:

  • Tigray has declared a State of Emergency which provides for: the closure to movements between the cities of the Region and between urban and city areas; the closure of the main markets; the closure of clubs and bars; the prohibition of the celebration of weddings and funerals; the prohibition of the holding of sporting events and of great appeal; the closure of public offices. Flights to Mekelle remain operational.
  • Amhara has established the closure of land transport routes with other regional states.
  • Oromia (in which the capital Addis Ababa is located) has announced a traffic ban for all public transport entering the Region and connecting the different cities of Oromia.
  • Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region has established: transport restrictions in all districts of the region for public transport, cars and two-wheeled vehicles.

The Ethiopian authorities have been engaged for months in ramp up Coronavirus-related facilities and procedures. It is recommended to keep calm and respect scrupulously those measures aimed at preventing contagion.

In case of fever (above 37.5 C), cough and breath wheezing, call the dedicated line at 8335 and avoid going to the hospital.

In case of suspected contagion, foreign citizens could be placed in quarantine (the duration of which is determined on a case-by-case basis according to the diagnosis) at special isolation centres and, if they test positive for COVID-19, transferred to hospital facilities designated for the treatment of the Coronavirus.

For further information, please visit the Embassy's official facebook page @ItalyinEthiopia



Situation in Djibouti


As of July 17, there were 4993 positive cases of COVID-19 in the country.

The Djibouti authorities have announced the reopening of air, land and sea borders as of 17 July. With regard to passenger air traffic, it is stipulated that anyone entering Djibouti's territory will be subjected to a mandatory COVID-19 detection test. The test will be carried out on all incoming passengers over 11 years of age and will be charged to the individual passenger at a cost of approximately USD 30 (or FDJ 5000). The test will be carried out by the Siberian health authorities directly at the airport and passengers will have to wait at the airport for the result of the test, which should be delivered directly to the person concerned in about 2 hours.

In case of negative result of the test, the person will be free to move freely within the territory of Djibouti. In the event of a positive result, the person will be transferred to a quarantine facility identified by the Djibouti authorities for a period of 14 days at his/her own expense. Djibouti and foreign residents will be able to carry out quarantine at their own domicile if the conditions allow it.   The same provisions apply to entry by land and sea. They do not apply to transit passengers.

For further information and updates:



Situation in South Sudan


As of 17 July there were 2171 positive cases of COVID-19 in the country.

The South Sudanese authorities have adopted some precautions in order to contain the spread of COVID-19 coronavirus infection, which remain valid until further notice. These precautions include, but are not limited to, the closure of all schools, universities and training institutions and the suspension of all sporting, religious and socio-cultural events.

A curfew is established in the country from 8 p.m. to 6 a.m.

Juba airport has partially reopened international passenger traffic. It is possible to travel to and from Italy with Ethiopian Airlines, via Addis Ababa, and Egyptair via Cairo. A negative COVID-19 test is required to enter South Sudan.

The land borders are closed to traffic of motor vehicles, buses and transport operators (with an exception for the transport of food, medical supplies and fuel).

For further information and updates:



Italian Ministry of Health preventive measures


graphics about preventive measures